Sidi Kaouki Essaouira Morocco

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The constant blustery winds, wild beach and good budget accommodation at Sidi Kaouki have made it one of Morocco’s top windsurfing and surfing spots. It’s not for the faint-hearted (waves average 1m to 3m and the currents can be dangerous), but even if you don’t take to the water, it’s a chilled escape from Essaouira.

Sidi Kaouki Surf

The large building on the rocks, washed by the sea, is the final resting place of Sufi saint Sidi Kaouki, who was known for his healing abilities. People still visit the shrine. For water sports, the quintessential surfers’ hang-out on the beach is the Sidi Kaouki Surf Club, a brightly decorated cafe-clubhouse with a cool vibe. You can arrange lessons and hire surfing, windsurfing and kitesurfing gear here.


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Volubilis  foi uma cidade romana, cujas ruínas constituem atualmente um sítio arqueológico parcialmente escavado situado no norte de Marrocos, nos arredores da cidade santa de Moulay Idriss, a norte de Mequinez. As ruínas estão inscritas na lista do Património Mundial da UNESCO desde 1997.

A antiga cidade situa-se numa fértil planície agrícola e desenvolveu-se a partir do século III a.C. como um assentamento feníciocartaginês, tendo crescido rapidamente sob o domínio romano a partir do século I a.C. até ocupar uma área de aproximadamente 40 hectares, rodeada por muralhas com 2,6 km de perímetro. No século II a cidade foi dotada de uma série de edifícios públicos, nomeadamente uma basílica, um templo e um arco do triunfo. A sua prosperidade, que advinha principalmente das culturas da oliveira, cereais e do fornecimento de animais selvagens para os espetáculos de gladiadores, propiciou a construção de muitas casas urbanas ricas, com grandes mosaicos de chão.

Volubilis foi tomada por tribos

Volubilis foi tomada por tribos locais c. 285 e nunca foi reconquistada por Roma devido à sua localização remota e de difícil defesa, na fronteira sudoeste do Império Romano. Continuou a ser habitada durante pelo menos mais 700 anos, primeiro como uma comunidade latinizada cristã, e depois como uma localidade islâmica. No final do século VIII tornou-se a capital de Idris ibn Abdalá, o fundador da dinastia idríssida, o primeiro estado muçulmano de Marrocos. No século XI, Volubilis tinha sido abandonada e a capital idríssida tinha sido transferida para Fez. A maior parte da sua população mudou-se para a nova cidade de Moulay Idriss Zerhoun, situada num monte a sudeste de Volubilis.

As ruínas mantiveram-se praticamente intactas até terem sido arrasadas pelo terramoto de 1755, o mesmo que destruiu Lisboa. Pouco depois serviram de pedreira para a construção de Mequinez. Só no final do século XIX é que o local foi definitivamente identificado como sendo a antiga cidade de Volubilis. Durante e depois da vigência do Protetorado Francês de Marrocos, cerca de metade do sítio foi escavado, tendo sido descobertos muitos mosaicos, e alguns dos edifícios públicos e casas mais importantes foram restaurados ou reconstruídos. A classificação como Património Mundial deve-se ao facto de «ser um exemplo excecionalmente bem preservado de uma grande cidade colonial romana nos limites do império».

Khamlia Merzouga

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Khamlia is a village located near Erg Chebbi, a Saharan erg in southeast Morocco near the Algerian border.

The largest nearby village is Merzouga. Other villages around the dunes are Hassilabied, Tanamoust, Takoujt and Tisserdmine.

Things To Do In Khamlia

You can take a promenade through the village, visit Berber family who will be happy for you. You are welcome also to visit the school, talk with children, play football with them. To go to the sand dunes is relaxing and exciting too. In opposite site is open area here and you can see even so far as to mountain. Of course, you will find here the famous music group Gnawa. Their music is ritual music and communicates with mystery. They will play for you anytime you wish. Take a tea and listen. If you have 4×4 you can go to M´Fis, it is mineral mines and it is very interesting to see, how the worker works there.

Erg Chigaga Morocco

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Erg Chegaga (or Chigaga) is one of two major Saharan ergs of the Sahara in Morocco, the other being the Erg Chebbi near Merzouga.

This dunes are located in the Drâa-Tafilalet area about 50 km west of the rural town of M’Hamid El Ghizlane, itself located about 98 km south of the town of Zagora. With a length of approximately 40 km to 15 km width, some dunes are around 60m high (significantly less than the dunes at Erg Chebbi with up to 150m), it is the largest and wildest of Morocco.

Because it is relatively difficult to access – it is only accessible by 4×4, camel or on foot – Erg Chigaga remains significantly less visited then Erg Chebbi.


M’Hamid is a small village in Zagora region of Morocco, 98 km after Zagora, one of the two places in Morocco where Sahara begins (another is Merzouga). M’Hamid gets fewer visitors than Merzouga and is arguably more “authentic.” It is about 7-8 hours by car from Marrakech and 5 hours from Ourzazate. It is “The end of the road” (the last point of The route national N°9), after it is only sands of Sahara, shepherds and caravan trails.

Kelaat-M’Gouna Morocco

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Qalaat MGouna ( is a city in Tinghir Province, Dra-Tafilalt, Morocco. According to the 2004 census it has a population of 14,190. This town constitutes an economic and social center for the region, for its very animated nature. Kalaat M’gouna is most known for the “Festival des Roses”; a festival that takes place on the city every year in May.

The City

Some of the neighbourhoods in qalaat MGouna are Ait Aissi, R’kon, Elkelaa, Zawiyt nAguerd, Ait Baamran, Hay Annahda, Ait Boubker, Mirna, Taltnamart, and the center’s districts. Many Douars surround the city but are not part of the municipality. These villages include Aït Sidi Boubker, Ifri, Zawiyt Elbir, Amdnagh, Sarghin, Timskelt, Ait Boukidour Tazzakht, and Tawrirt and Tasswit.

In this city, there are two major days of souk (market): Tuesday, only for livestock trade, and Wednesday for food and other goods.

The high schools Al Woroud (Roses), which derives its name from the roses of the Valley of Dades and M’goun, and another high school named My Baamrane, are downtown.

There is a factory for the distillery of roses, and production of rose water (l’eau de rose) and essential oils, and cosmetic products. One example of distillation units of roses in Kelaat M’gouna is named sté Florose.

The city is also known for its dancers who perform a dance called “Ahidouss”, and its beautiful roses, hence its second name “The valley of the roses.”

Roses Festival

The Roses Festival takes place in Kelaat M’gouna every year in May. It lasts 7 days to celebrate the season of roses in Dadès and M’Goun. In 2015, the number of visitors of the festival reached 300,000. During the festival, people from all over the country and the world come to qalaat Mgouna to discover its beauty, and for its rose products that range from perfume, rose water, oil, to cosmetic products, and to experience the warmth and welcome of its generous people.

The festival is also an opportunity for the visitors to explore its fair of handicrafts and the agricultural products of the region.

Todgha Gorge Morocco

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The Todgha Gorges are a series of limestone river canyons, or wadi, in the eastern part of the High Atlas Mountains in Morocco, near the town of Tinerhir.Both the Todgha and neighbouring Dades Rivers are responsible for carving out these deep cliff-sided canyons, on their final 40 kilometres (25 mi) through the mountains. The height of the canyon walls can vary, but in some places can be up to 400 metres (1,312 ft) high


The last 600 metres (1,969 ft) of the Todgha gorge are the most spectacular. Here the canyon narrows to a flat stony track, in places as little as 10 metres (33 ft) wide, with sheer and smooth rock walls up to 160 metres (525 ft) high on each side.

During the dry season, the canyon floor is mostly dry; at most there will be a small stream of water. During this time, the wadi floor is easily traversed by travelers. During the rainy season, however, the Todra can expand massively, covering the canyon floor in a strong torrent.


The area is no longer as remote as it once was. A well-maintained asphalt road leads up the valley from Tinerhir to the gorge. A concrete road continues up the valley, past the hotels at the mouth of the gorge all the way to the villages of Aït Hani, and Tamtatouchte.

Thanks to its robust rock sides with many uneven surfaces, Todgha Gorge is popular among rock climbers. More than 150 routes rated French Grade 5+ to 8 have been bolted in the canyon

Desert child of Morocco

Merzouga Excursion

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Merzouga is a village in the Sahara Desert in Morocco, on the edge of Erg Chebbi, a 50km long and 5km wide set of sand dunes that reach up to 350m high.

The small village of Merzouga is known for its proximity to Erg Chebbi dunes in southeastern Morocco, a Saharan erg, and it is for this reason a part of the itineraries of many tourists visiting Morocco. Most people are here to take a camel safari into the dunes, and to get a taste of remote (tourism-influenced) Berber life.

Quad Excursions In Merzouga

If  you are a fun of out-door sports, you can rent a moto-quad in Merzouga and enjoy the ride in the harsh land of Merzouga as well as on through the dunes, there will be professionals who will guide you and show how to benefit the most from this sort in the desert if you have difficulties.

Camel Trek for 1 night in the Desert

Our camel walks will lead you to the heart of the dunes where you will have the opportunity to enjoy the magnificent sunset of Erg Chebbi. Walk in the footsteps of the Berber and live through a magical experience.

Picnic in the desert

Let us organize your picnic in an oasis of the Sahara – a beautiful place to enjoy a leisurely lunch or take a cup of tea with your friends on the sunset desert.

4×4 Dunes

Enjoy a ride in a 4×4 through the sand dunes, reliving the experience of the famous Paris Dakar rally.

Buggie or Quad Excursions

A fun-filled ride on a quad or sand buggy lead by an expert instructor, the excursion is perfect for thrill-seekers.

Sand boarding

Grab your board and take on the dunes – perfect for thrill-seekers.

Sand baths

The sand bath is an ancient Berber treatment for rheumatism. The hot sand in direct contact with the body is said to be beneficial for the joints, bones, tendons and muscles.

2 Days Fes Desert Tour

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Day 1: Fez – Ifrane – Midelt – Ziz Gorges – Erfoud – Rissani – Merzouga

We will meet you at your riad at 8:0 0am, depart and transport (7 hours) over the Middle Atlas mountains through the cedar forests of Ifrane, Azrou, Midelt and the Ziz gorges towards Sahara, until the Erg Chebbi dunes appear on the horizon. After relaxing a few minutes in Merzouga, we go to the camels waiting to take us for an unforgettable adventure in the sand dunes. We will spend the night in a camp with drum music and supper in the middle of the Sahara. We go to the high dunes to see the sunset and will spend the night in nomad tents.

Day 2: Merzouga – Midelt – Ifrane – Fez

We will wake up early to enjoy a magnificent sunrise on the dunes then take a camel ride back to the hotel. After freshening up and breakfast we’ll leave for Fez. We will travel via the Ziz Valley and the Middle Atlas mountains as we depart the desert region to Fes. We will drive through the cedar forests of Azrou and stop to hand feed the monkeys. We will continue via Ifrane, the ‘Switzerland of Morocco’ to arrive early evening to Fez.

Rabat Morocco

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Rabat is the capital city of Morocco and its second largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014) and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million. It is also the capital city of the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra administrative region.

The city is located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg. On the facing shore of the river lies Salé, the city’s main commuter town. Rabat, Temara, and Salé form a conurbation of over 1.8 million people. Silt-related problems have diminished Rabat’s role as a port; however, Rabat and Salé still maintain important textile, food processing and construction industries. In addition, tourism and the presence of all foreign embassies in Morocco serve to make Rabat one of the most important cities in the country.

Once a reputed corsair haven, Rabat served as one of the many ports in North Africa for the Barbary pirates, who were particularly active from the 16th through the 18th centuries.

Rabat is accessible by train through the ONCF system and by plane through the nearby Rabat–Salé Airport.

The Moroccan capital was ranked at second place by CNN in its “Top Travel Destinations of 2013”. It is one of four Imperial cities of Morocco, and the medina of Rabat is listed as a World Heritage Site.


2th to 17th century

Rabat has a relatively modern history compared to the nearby ancient city of Salé. In 1146, the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu’min turned Rabat’s ribat into a full-scale fortress to use as a launching point for attacks on Iberia. In 1170, due to its military importance, Rabat acquired the title Ribatu l-Fath, meaning “stronghold of victory,” from which it derives its current name.

Yaqub al-Mansur (known as Moulay Yacoub in Morocco), another Almohad Caliph, moved the capital of his empire to Rabat. He built Rabat’s city walls, the Kasbah of the Udayas and began construction on what would have been the world’s largest mosque. However, Yaqub died and construction stopped. The ruins of the unfinished mosque, along with the Hassan Tower, still stand today.

Yaqub’s death initiated a period of decline. The Almohad empire lost control of its possessions in Spain and much of its African territory, eventually leading to its total collapse. In the 13th century, much of Rabat’s economic power shifted to Fez. In 1515 a Moorish explorer, El Wassan, reported that Rabat had declined so much that only 100 inhabited houses remained. An influx of Moriscos, who had been expelled from Spain, in the early 17th century helped boost Rabat’s growth.
Corsair republics

Rabat and neighboring Salé united to form the Republic of Bou Regreg in 1627 . The republic was run by Barbary pirates who used the two cities as base ports for launching attacks on shipping. The pirates did not have to contend with any central authority until the Alaouite Dynasty united Morocco in 1666. The latter attempted to establish control over the pirates, but failed. European and Muslim authorities continued to attempt to control the pirates over many years, but the Republic of Bou Regreg did not collapse until 1818. Even after the republic’s collapse, pirates continued to use the port of Rabat, which led to the shelling of the city by Austria in 1829 after an Austrian ship had been lost to a pirate attack.
20th century
French invasion

The French invaded Morocco in 1912 and established a protectorate. The French administrator of Morocco, General Hubert Lyautey, decided to relocate the country’s capital from Fez to Rabat. Among other factors, rebellious citizens had made Fez an unstable place. Sultan Moulay Youssef followed the decision of the French and moved his residence to Rabat. In 1913, Gen. Lyautey hired Henri Prost who designed the Ville Nouvelle (Rabat’s modern quarter) as an administrative sector. When Morocco achieved independence in 1955, Mohammed V, the then King of Morocco, chose to have the capital remain at Rabat.

Post World War II

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Following World War II, the United States established a military presence in Rabat at the former French air base. By the early 1950s, Rabat Salé Air Base was a U.S. Air Force installation hosting the 17th Air Force and the 5th Air Division, which oversaw forward basing for Strategic Air Command (SAC) B-47 Stratojet aircraft in the country. With the destabilization of French government in Morocco, and Moroccan independence in 1956, the government of Mohammed V wanted the U.S. Air Force to pull out of the SAC bases in Morocco, insisting on such action after American intervention in Lebanon in 1958. The United States agreed to leave as of December 1959, and was fully out of Morocco by 1963. SAC felt the Moroccan bases were much less critical with the long range capability of the B-52 Stratofortresses that were replacing the B-47s and with the completion of the USAF installations in Spain in 1959.

With the USAF withdrawal from Rabat-Salé in the 1960s, the facility became a primary facility for the Royal Moroccan Air Force known as Air Base Nº 1, a status it continues to hold.

2 Day Desert Trip From Marrakech

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This Kasbah trail and the Sahara desert tour lets you experience wonderful scenery, magnificent Kasbahs and a camel trek into the desert over 2  days.

Day 1: Marrakech –  Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah-Zagora desert

We’ll meet you in Marrakech and drive to Ouarzazate through the dramatic Tizi n Tichka pass (2260m), over the High Atlas Mountains, You will appreciate the beauty of the landscape along the twisting road. We arrive at the famous Ait Ben Haddou Kasbah; the largest Kasbah in Morocco and now a UNESCO historical site still housing many Glaoui family members. Lunch is by the Kasbah before continuing to Zagora where your camel awaits you. You will be welcomed with a glass of mint tea and a turban (desert scarf) and meet your experienced camel guide. You’ll explore the mysterious sea of sand. Here you’ll also spend the night under the stars or, if you prefer, in a traditional Berber nomad tent.

Day 2:  Zagora desert – Ouarzazate  – Marrakech

After breakfast with the Bedouin family you’ll peacefully camel trek back to your hotel base. Enroute you won’t fail to appreciate the unique beauty of the spectacular sand dunes that change with the light as the day progresses. Arriving late morning back in Zagora and after a shower in the hotel guesthouse, we’ll leave for Ouarzazate and Marrakech, once again over the Tizi N Tichka pass arriving in Marrakech in the evening. The tour ends at your accommodation.