Erfoud Morocco

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Erfoud  is an oasis town in the Sahara Desert, in the Drâa-Tafilalet region in eastern Morocco. It is divided into several districts: Hay Salam, Hay Jdid, Hay Ziz, Hay el Bathaa, Hay Annahda, and Hay el Hamri.

Due to its proximity to Merzouga desert village in the Erg Chebbi Dunes, Erfoud has developed tourist-related infrastructures such as hotels and restaurants.

Filming location

Erfoud is a destination for filmmakers due to the beauty of the surrounding Sahara Desert and the town’s oasis areas. Erfoud has been a filming location for many films, including:

In the film archeologists are uncovering an ancient city near Erfoud buried by a sand storm 3,000 years ago. The site is the resting place of a Berber saint, “The Angel of the Desert”.
Filming began in Marrakech, Morocco on May 4, 1998 and lasted 17 weeks. Photography then moved to the Sahara Desert outside Erfoud.
Production designer Allan Cameron found a dormant volcano near Erfoud where the entire set for Hamunaptra could be constructed.
Mike Newell selected Morocco as a shooting location for the film and also planned to film in Pinewood Studios. Filming began in July 2008 in Morocco. Eight weeks were spent in Morocco before the first unit moved to Pinewood.
The 24th (official) James Bond film, the second to be directed by Sam Mendes and the fourth to star Daniel Craig as 007, Ian Fleming‘s British secret agent character.

Sidi Kaouki Essaouira Morocco

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The constant blustery winds, wild beach and good budget accommodation at Sidi Kaouki have made it one of Morocco’s top windsurfing and surfing spots. It’s not for the faint-hearted (waves average 1m to 3m and the currents can be dangerous), but even if you don’t take to the water, it’s a chilled escape from Essaouira.

Sidi Kaouki Surf

The large building on the rocks, washed by the sea, is the final resting place of Sufi saint Sidi Kaouki, who was known for his healing abilities. People still visit the shrine. For water sports, the quintessential surfers’ hang-out on the beach is the Sidi Kaouki Surf Club, a brightly decorated cafe-clubhouse with a cool vibe. You can arrange lessons and hire surfing, windsurfing and kitesurfing gear here.

Volubilis

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Volubilis  foi uma cidade romana, cujas ruínas constituem atualmente um sítio arqueológico parcialmente escavado situado no norte de Marrocos, nos arredores da cidade santa de Moulay Idriss, a norte de Mequinez. As ruínas estão inscritas na lista do Património Mundial da UNESCO desde 1997.

A antiga cidade situa-se numa fértil planície agrícola e desenvolveu-se a partir do século III a.C. como um assentamento feníciocartaginês, tendo crescido rapidamente sob o domínio romano a partir do século I a.C. até ocupar uma área de aproximadamente 40 hectares, rodeada por muralhas com 2,6 km de perímetro. No século II a cidade foi dotada de uma série de edifícios públicos, nomeadamente uma basílica, um templo e um arco do triunfo. A sua prosperidade, que advinha principalmente das culturas da oliveira, cereais e do fornecimento de animais selvagens para os espetáculos de gladiadores, propiciou a construção de muitas casas urbanas ricas, com grandes mosaicos de chão.

Volubilis foi tomada por tribos

Volubilis foi tomada por tribos locais c. 285 e nunca foi reconquistada por Roma devido à sua localização remota e de difícil defesa, na fronteira sudoeste do Império Romano. Continuou a ser habitada durante pelo menos mais 700 anos, primeiro como uma comunidade latinizada cristã, e depois como uma localidade islâmica. No final do século VIII tornou-se a capital de Idris ibn Abdalá, o fundador da dinastia idríssida, o primeiro estado muçulmano de Marrocos. No século XI, Volubilis tinha sido abandonada e a capital idríssida tinha sido transferida para Fez. A maior parte da sua população mudou-se para a nova cidade de Moulay Idriss Zerhoun, situada num monte a sudeste de Volubilis.

As ruínas mantiveram-se praticamente intactas até terem sido arrasadas pelo terramoto de 1755, o mesmo que destruiu Lisboa. Pouco depois serviram de pedreira para a construção de Mequinez. Só no final do século XIX é que o local foi definitivamente identificado como sendo a antiga cidade de Volubilis. Durante e depois da vigência do Protetorado Francês de Marrocos, cerca de metade do sítio foi escavado, tendo sido descobertos muitos mosaicos, e alguns dos edifícios públicos e casas mais importantes foram restaurados ou reconstruídos. A classificação como Património Mundial deve-se ao facto de «ser um exemplo excecionalmente bem preservado de uma grande cidade colonial romana nos limites do império».

Khamlia Merzouga

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Khamlia is a village located near Erg Chebbi, a Saharan erg in southeast Morocco near the Algerian border.

The largest nearby village is Merzouga. Other villages around the dunes are Hassilabied, Tanamoust, Takoujt and Tisserdmine.

Things To Do In Khamlia

You can take a promenade through the village, visit Berber family who will be happy for you. You are welcome also to visit the school, talk with children, play football with them. To go to the sand dunes is relaxing and exciting too. In opposite site is open area here and you can see even so far as to mountain. Of course, you will find here the famous music group Gnawa. Their music is ritual music and communicates with mystery. They will play for you anytime you wish. Take a tea and listen. If you have 4×4 you can go to M´Fis, it is mineral mines and it is very interesting to see, how the worker works there.

Erg Chigaga Morocco

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Erg Chegaga (or Chigaga) is one of two major Saharan ergs of the Sahara in Morocco, the other being the Erg Chebbi near Merzouga.

This dunes are located in the Drâa-Tafilalet area about 50 km west of the rural town of M’Hamid El Ghizlane, itself located about 98 km south of the town of Zagora. With a length of approximately 40 km to 15 km width, some dunes are around 60m high (significantly less than the dunes at Erg Chebbi with up to 150m), it is the largest and wildest of Morocco.

Because it is relatively difficult to access – it is only accessible by 4×4, camel or on foot – Erg Chigaga remains significantly less visited then Erg Chebbi.

M’Hamid

M’Hamid is a small village in Zagora region of Morocco, 98 km after Zagora, one of the two places in Morocco where Sahara begins (another is Merzouga). M’Hamid gets fewer visitors than Merzouga and is arguably more “authentic.” It is about 7-8 hours by car from Marrakech and 5 hours from Ourzazate. It is “The end of the road” (the last point of The route national N°9), after it is only sands of Sahara, shepherds and caravan trails.

Kelaat-M’Gouna Morocco

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Qalaat MGouna ( is a city in Tinghir Province, Dra-Tafilalt, Morocco. According to the 2004 census it has a population of 14,190. This town constitutes an economic and social center for the region, for its very animated nature. Kalaat M’gouna is most known for the “Festival des Roses”; a festival that takes place on the city every year in May.

The City

Some of the neighbourhoods in qalaat MGouna are Ait Aissi, R’kon, Elkelaa, Zawiyt nAguerd, Ait Baamran, Hay Annahda, Ait Boubker, Mirna, Taltnamart, and the center’s districts. Many Douars surround the city but are not part of the municipality. These villages include Aït Sidi Boubker, Ifri, Zawiyt Elbir, Amdnagh, Sarghin, Timskelt, Ait Boukidour Tazzakht, and Tawrirt and Tasswit.

In this city, there are two major days of souk (market): Tuesday, only for livestock trade, and Wednesday for food and other goods.

The high schools Al Woroud (Roses), which derives its name from the roses of the Valley of Dades and M’goun, and another high school named My Baamrane, are downtown.

There is a factory for the distillery of roses, and production of rose water (l’eau de rose) and essential oils, and cosmetic products. One example of distillation units of roses in Kelaat M’gouna is named sté Florose.

The city is also known for its dancers who perform a dance called “Ahidouss”, and its beautiful roses, hence its second name “The valley of the roses.”

Roses Festival

The Roses Festival takes place in Kelaat M’gouna every year in May. It lasts 7 days to celebrate the season of roses in Dadès and M’Goun. In 2015, the number of visitors of the festival reached 300,000. During the festival, people from all over the country and the world come to qalaat Mgouna to discover its beauty, and for its rose products that range from perfume, rose water, oil, to cosmetic products, and to experience the warmth and welcome of its generous people.

The festival is also an opportunity for the visitors to explore its fair of handicrafts and the agricultural products of the region.

Ouarzazate Morocco Hollywood Of Africa

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Atlas Studios is a film studio located 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of the city of Ouarzazate in Morocco. Measured by acreage, it is the world’s largest film studio. Most of the property lies in the nearby desert and mountains.

climate and weather conditions, and because the area is of a nature that can mimic the natural environments of many countries well.

Films and TV series that have used the services of the studio include:

Many sets from the filming of various movies remain in place, and because of this, the studio also operates with guided tours and has become a popular tourist destination.

Todgha Gorge Morocco

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The Todgha Gorges are a series of limestone river canyons, or wadi, in the eastern part of the High Atlas Mountains in Morocco, near the town of Tinerhir.Both the Todgha and neighbouring Dades Rivers are responsible for carving out these deep cliff-sided canyons, on their final 40 kilometres (25 mi) through the mountains. The height of the canyon walls can vary, but in some places can be up to 400 metres (1,312 ft) high

Description

The last 600 metres (1,969 ft) of the Todgha gorge are the most spectacular. Here the canyon narrows to a flat stony track, in places as little as 10 metres (33 ft) wide, with sheer and smooth rock walls up to 160 metres (525 ft) high on each side.

During the dry season, the canyon floor is mostly dry; at most there will be a small stream of water. During this time, the wadi floor is easily traversed by travelers. During the rainy season, however, the Todra can expand massively, covering the canyon floor in a strong torrent.

Access

The area is no longer as remote as it once was. A well-maintained asphalt road leads up the valley from Tinerhir to the gorge. A concrete road continues up the valley, past the hotels at the mouth of the gorge all the way to the villages of Aït Hani, and Tamtatouchte.

Thanks to its robust rock sides with many uneven surfaces, Todgha Gorge is popular among rock climbers. More than 150 routes rated French Grade 5+ to 8 have been bolted in the canyon

Festival of the Roses in Morocco

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In early May one of the most popular festivals in Morocco takes place, the “Festival of Roses”. The celebrating the harvest of roses in the small town of Kelaat M’gouna, located in the Dades Valley, which it is already known as the “Valley of Roses”.

In this town we find all kinds of products made with roses, from perfumes, creams, medicines and even jams. The festival attracts more than twenty thousand people willing to enjoy the dances and folk dances. For three days the town and tourists vibrate with music, colorful and fun. Three days in which to enjoy the best smell of the city: the rose water.

Activities of the festival

Different activities of all kinds are made. They start with covering the streets with a blanket of roses for shows and concerts continue outdoors with Berber groups. Many flower shows are also conducted to look in detail at each particular feature of each issue.

The last day of the festival which is usually on a Sunday, the election of Miss Roses takes place. The most beautiful women come out to dance dressed in their best kaftans and decorated with roses. You’ll also find exclusive type markets, fairs and souks these days. Do not miss the opportunity to visit a distillery where you will learn how pink rose water is made.

Fez, Morocco

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Medina of Fez

The interior of Zaouia Moulay Idriss II, where commemorates Idris II, the founder of Fez.

The historic city of Fez consists of Fes el-Bali, the original city founded by the Idrisid dynasty on both shores of the Oued Fes (River of Fez) in the late 8th and early 9th centuries, and the smaller Fez el-Jdid, founded on higher ground to the west in the 13th century. It is distinct from Fez’s now much larger Ville Nouvelle (new city) originally founded by the French. Fes el-Bali is the site of the famous Qarawiyyin University and the Mausoleum of Moulay Idris II, the most important religious and cultural sites, while Fez el-Jdid is the site of the enormous Royal Palace, still used by the King of Morocco today. These two historic cities are linked together and are usually referred to together as the medina of Fez, though this term is sometimes applied more restrictively to Fes el-Bali only. Fez is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination and many non-Moroccans are now restoring traditional houses (riads and dars) as second homes in the medina. Fez is also considered the cultural and spiritual capital of Morocco. In 1981, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) proclaimed Medina of Fez a World Cultural Heritage site, as “[they] include a considerable number of religious, civil and military monuments that brought about a multi-cultural society. This architecture is characterised by construction techniques and decoration developed over a period of more than ten centuries, and where local knowledge and skills are interwoven with diverse outside inspiration (Andalousian, Oriental and African). The Medina of Fez is considered as one of the most extensive and best conserved historic towns of the Arab-Muslim world.

Madrasas

The city has traditionally retained the influential position as a religious capital in the region, exemplified by the Madrasa of Al Quaraouiyine which was established in 859 by Fatima al-Fihri originally as a mosque. The madrasa is the oldest existing, continually operating and the first degree awarding educational institution in the world according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records. During the Marinid rule, Fez was designated as the political and religious capital of the empire, partly due to the Sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf’s intention to mitigate the tension between the ulamas in the old city. This had led to the great attention by the government to the construction of the madrasas following the Maliki orthodoxy, which resulted in the unprecedented prosperity of the city’s religious institutions. The first madrasa built during the Marinid era was Saffarin Madrasa in Fes el Bali by Abu Yaqub Yusuf. Sultan Abu al-Hassan was the most prolific patron of the madrasa construction, completing the Al-Attarine, Mesbahiyya and Sahrij Madrasa in Fez alone, and several other madrasas as well in other cities such as Salé and Meknes. His son Abu Inan Faris built the famed Bou Inania Madrasa, and by the time of his death, every major city in the Marinid Empire had at least one madrasa. The additional library was established as well for the Madrasa of Al Quaraouiyine in 1349, which stores a large selection of valuable manuscripts dating back to the medieval era. The largest madrasa in the medina is Shiratin Madrasa commissioned by the Alaouite sultan Al-Rashid in 1670, which is the only non-Marinid foundation besides the Madrasa of Al Quaraouiyine.

City walls of Fez. The bastion on the right is Kasbah Cherarda.

The entire medina of Fez was heavily fortified with crenelated walls which equip heavy watchtowers and gates, a pattern of urban planning which can be seen in Salé and Chellah as well. City walls were placed into the current positions during the 11th century, under the Almoravid rule. During this period, the two divided cities of Fez were united under the single enclosure. The structures of Almoravid era were later destroyed and subsequently rebuilt by the Almohad dynasty in the 12th century. These fortifications were completed and formed into the current shape under the Marinid rule during the 12th to 16th centuries, along with the founding of Fes Jdid. The gates of Fez are adjacent to these city walls, and guarded by the military detachments and shut at night.[39] During its development in the 9th century, Fes el Bali was enclosed by the eight main gates. After the foundation of Fes Jdid by the Marinids in the 13th century on the outside of these gates, new walls and three new gates such as Bab al-Amer were established as perimeters between these two medinas. The construction of the new gates employed the Christian labor.Additional gates were constructed during the Alaouite era, most notably Bab Bou Jeloud in 1913. Other remaining gates of Fez today include Bab el-Seba, Bab Semmarine, Bab al-Fetouh, Bab Mahrouk and Bab Chorfa.

Forts and Kasbahs

Along with the city walls and gates, several forts were constructed as defensive perimeters of the medina during the different time periods. The military watchtowers built in its early days during the Idrisid era were relatively small. However, the city rapidly developed as the military garrison center of the region during the Almoravid era, in which the military operations were commanded and carried out to other North African regions and Southern Europe to the north, and Senegal river to the south. Subsequently, it led to the construction of numerous forts, kasbahs, and towers against the foreign invasions. Kasbah in the context of Maghrebi region is the traditional military structure for fortification, military preparation, and command and control. Some of them were occupied as well by the citizens, certain tribal groups, and merchants. Throughout the history, 13 kasbahs were constructed surrounding the old city. The most prominent among them is Kasbah An-Nouar, which dates back to the Almohad era, located at the western or north-western tip of Fes el-Bali. Today, the kasbah is a residential district much like the rest of the medina. The kasbah is equipped with the Friday Mosque and Bab Chorfa entrance gate. Other kasbahs including Kasbah Cherarda located on the outskirts of Fes el Bali. It was first established during the Saadi era in the 16th century and later refurbished by the Alaouite Sultan Mulai al-Rashid as a fortress. Kasbah Dar Debibagh is a relatively new kasbah built in 1729 during the Alaouite era at 2km from the city wall in a strategic position.To the north, there is Borj Nord which dates back to the Saadi era and among the largest defensive structures in the city, now refurbished as a military museum.

Tanneries

Since the inception of the city, tanning industry has been continually operating in the same fashion as it did in the early centuries. Today, the tanning industry in the city is considered one of the main tourist attractions. There are three tanneries in the city, largest among them is Chouara Tannery near the Saffarin Madrasa along the river, built in the 11th century. The tanneries are packed with the round stone wells filled with dye or white liquids for softening the hides. The leather goods produced in the tanneries are exported around the world.